Sustainable development- The fundamental principle for achieving human development goals while simultaneously preserving natural systems’ ability to supply the natural resources and ecosystem services that the economy and society rely on.

Sustainable development

Looking back at the history of the globe, the situation in significant areas of the world has remained the same from the beginning of industrialization. More people were suffering from poverty, hunger, unemployment, financial difficulties, and so forth. Most nations were in their nascent stages; the agricultural sector was not as sophisticated as it is today owing to technological advances, and countries were running short on food due to lower crop yields and a shortage of labor. Since the beginning of the industrialization era, we have seen a rise in the development of the country, better job opportunities, and faster methods of growing crops, which lead to development in the agricultural sector, use of technology in the agricultural sector, development of technology and other means which made life easier, including the development of automobiles, which replaced traditional modes of transportation, which primarily included animals such as horses.

Global Warming

As progress was made in the process of development, we saw an increase in another concern, which was global warming. The breakthroughs that were taking place came at a cost, a cost that has now grown too great to bear. Global warming had begun to cause climate change, which was dangerous to humanity, and another set of issues related to climate change had begun to be noticed; at a certain point, it became so large that it had to be brought to everyone’s attention, and various nations had to decide to come together to take necessary actions to combat climate change. The United Nations Organization established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which must be met by 2030.

Sustainable development goals

Objectives are designed to address the most prevalent concerns that are serious and need a prompt response. Some of the SDGs, but not all of them, are concerned with climate change. Since the proposal and objectives established by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), followed by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which took over the MDGs to cope with climate change, many initiatives have been undertaken. Several industries have begun to examine the negative implications of climate change and have begun to take the required actions to prevent climate change from occurring.

Sustainable planet

All wastes created by industries are dealt with properly by adhering to the relevant procedures for disposing of the wastes in water bodies or landfill regions. Several corporations have come out to state that they are focusing on the agenda put forth by the SDGs as part of their company’s purpose. This is due to a movement toward a shared objective of creating a sustainable planet. In one piece, the website was utilized to identify some of the firms that are striving to follow the trend of implementing the SDG agenda via a correct process (Emily, 2021).

Population growth

One of the other causes for the severe shift in climate that has occurred is the population increase. Before the mid-nineteenth century, family planning techniques were not widely used, and contraception was not widely used or developed. Because the number of children was not restricted to two, the population growth started with emerging nations seeing the highest number of births, resulting in a population boom.


This has a severe influence on the ecosystem, with creatures in the wild suffering as a consequence, as well as a disturbance in the food chain as a result of the extinction of numerous vital species in nature. The World Health Organization (WHO) has also implemented numerous efforts to cope with the population boom in several nations since dealing with climate change would be difficult unless and until the population is managed. It would be impossible to detect shifts and trends in population increase without observing the global population. The news release comes from a well-known institution that monitors global events. The press release will be utilized to support the change toward population growth for fact-checking on the case study (United Nations, 2021).

Climate Change

Another key aspect to consider when dealing with climate change is the economics of industries as well as the economy of the nation, as well as numerous ways in which the economy may improve with a better-planned strategy to deal with climate change. It was discovered that for a country’s economy to improve, lost biodiversity must be restored, which would further aid in decreasing the spending or expense on the expanding population, which nature otherwise accomplishes for free. The establishment of the circular economy is one method of dealing with the economy and climate change (CE).

Health & Hygiene

There has been evidence of a significant association between CE practices and SDGs 6 (clean water and sanitation), 7 (cheap and clean energy), 8 (decent job and economic development), 12 (responsible consumption and protection), and 15 (life on land) (Schroeder, Anggraeni and Weber, 2019). Another research suggested in Indonesia focuses on the SDGs, including contributions to the (SDGs) such as Good health and wellbeing (SDG 3), clean water and sanitation (SDG 6), decent work and economic growth (SDG 8), responsible consumption, and production (SDG 12), and climate action (SDG 13). The research presents a new smart and sustainable waste management design that might produce acceptable economic, social, and environmental waste management results (Fatimah et al., 2020).

4 rs of environment

The circular economy focuses on replacing the idea of “end-of-life” in manufacturing and consuming activities by reducing, reusing, and recycling items and resources in the manufacturing, distribution, and consumption processes. Promoting circularity strives to achieve sustainable development, and the circular economy is linked to several of the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) announced in 2015. Moving towards a circular economy opens up several possibilities for enterprises of all sizes, and increasing the material circularity of the economy may also help to relieve poverty. However, the systemic and disruptive changes necessary for a circular economy transition will not occur unless present regulatory institutions are significantly altered. Berg et al. (2018)